The "Ungovernable" Ella Fitzgerald

The "Ungovernable" Ella Fitzgerald

On April 10, 1933, according to records at the New York State Archives, Westchester County judge George W. Smyth sentenced a fifteen-year-old “colored” girl named Ella Fitzgerald to the New York State Training School for Girls in Hudson, NY because she was “ungovernable and will not obey the just and lawful commands of her mother.”

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Delinquent Girls Need to Farm

Delinquent Girls Need to Farm

In 1924, Superintendent Fannie French Morse wrote a paper, which later appeared in that year’s annual report, expressing her belief that girls should be able to farm at the school. Training school boys do it, she said. Why not girls?

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"The Dungeons Are Damp and Cold..."

"The Dungeons Are Damp and Cold..."

A Board of Managers comprised of prominent citizens from throughout the State appointed by the Governor controlled the New York State House of Refuge for Women. Every year, the Board of Managers was responsible for filing an Annual Report to the New York State Legislature covering key events, conditions, and pressing issues.

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Why Is It Important To "Remember"?

Why Is It Important To "Remember"?

Mary Allen was interviewed and photographed by Suzanne Snider on June 2, 2011. In the 1970′s, Mary worked at the New York State Training School for Girls in Hudson as well as at the Brookwood Annex in Claverack, the off-site 'maximum security disciplinary cottage’ for the Training School. Here, Mary answers the question "Why is it important to 'remember' (the prison)"?

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