The "Ungovernable" Ella Fitzgerald

The "Ungovernable" Ella Fitzgerald

On April 10, 1933, according to records at the New York State Archives, Westchester County judge George W. Smyth sentenced a fifteen-year-old “colored” girl named Ella Fitzgerald to the New York State Training School for Girls in Hudson, NY because she was “ungovernable and will not obey the just and lawful commands of her mother.”

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Where is Margo Bake?

Where is Margo Bake?

According to this undated article from Newsday, a newspaper based in Long Island, NY, 'Missing Person' Margo Bake, ran away from the NYS Training School for Girls in 1949.  She was 5 months pregnant when she was admitted to the reform school, having been declared "ungovernable" by a Nassau County court in 1948.

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The Delaney Report (1915)

The Delaney Report (1915)

On February 1, 1915, John H. Delaney, Commissioner of the New York Department of Efficiency and Economy (NYDEE), released a report roundly condemning the New York State Training School for Girls in Hudson. This report, which we shall refer to here as the “Delaney Report”, and reactions to it, will be the subject of a multi-part series on the Prison Public Memory blog. This overview is the first entry of this series.

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"She Was Incorrigible..."

"She Was Incorrigible..."

These photos and documents were among a small stash of early 1920’s ephemera from the Training School For Girls found by Lisa Durfee, the Tainted Lady Lounge blogger, in an old box at a garage sale in Hudson, New York.

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Why Is It Important To "Remember"?

Why Is It Important To "Remember"?

Mary Allen was interviewed and photographed by Suzanne Snider on June 2, 2011. In the 1970′s, Mary worked at the New York State Training School for Girls in Hudson as well as at the Brookwood Annex in Claverack, the off-site 'maximum security disciplinary cottage’ for the Training School. Here, Mary answers the question "Why is it important to 'remember' (the prison)"?

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New York State Training School for Girls, 1904 – 1975

New York State Training School for Girls, 1904 – 1975

In 1904, when the New York House of Refuge for Women in Hudson, NY closed, the New York State Training School for Girls took its place to establish a separate place of confinement for “incorrigible” girls between the ages of 12 and 15 who had previously been housed with boys on Randall’s Island in New York City or at the State Industrial School in Rochester.

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House of Refuge for Women, 1887 – 1904

House of Refuge for Women, 1887 – 1904

In the midst of the nation’s first great depression that began in 1873 with the collapse of the New York City financial markets, the House of Refuge for Women was built in the town of Hudson, 30 miles south of the state capital of New York in Albany. Opened in 1887, the House of Refuge was only the second reformatory for women established by law in the United States...

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